Medieval SNA

Social Network Analysis Researchers of the Middle Ages (SNARMA)


Barnes, John (1954). ‘Class and Committees in a Norwegian Island Parish’, Human Relations, 7, pp. 39-58.

Barry, Charlotte, ‘Locating marginality in the city: The extramural neighbourhoods of fifteenth-century London‘, in Subaltern City?: Alternative and peripheral urban spaces in the pre-modern period (13th-18th Centuries), ed. Peter Clark and Denis Menjot (Turnhout, 2019), pp. 113-36

Barry, Charlotte, ‘“To avoide all envye, malys, grudge and displeasure”: sociability and social networking at the London wardmote inquest, c.1470-1540’, The London Journal, 42, 3 (2017), pp. 201-17

Bennett, Judith M. (1984), ‘The tie that binds: peasant marriages and families in late medieval England’, Journal of Interdisciplinary History 15, pp. 111-129

Bergs, Alexander (2005), Social Networks and Historical Sociolinguistics: Studies in Morphosyntactic Variation in the Paston Letters (1421-1503). Berlin.

Boulet, Romain, Bertrand Jouve, Fabrice Rossi, and Villa Nathalie (2008), ‘Batch kernel SOM and related Laplacian methods for social network analysis’, Neurocomputing 71, pp. 1257-73.

Boulet, R., F. Hautefeuille, B. Jouve, P. Kuntz, B. Le Goffic, F. Picarougne, N. Villa (2007), ‘Sur l’analyse de réseaux de sociabilité de la société paysanne médiévale’, Actes des journées MASHS 2007, Brest, France, 10-11 Mai 2007.

Broux, Y. (2015), Double Names in Roman Egypt: A Prosopography. Trismegistos Online Publications, 8.

Broux, Y. (2015), Double Names and Elite Strategy in Roman Egypt. Studia Hellenistica, 54. Leuven: Peeters.

Broux, Y. (2015), Graeco-Egyptian Naming Practices: A Network Perspective. Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies, 55, 706-720, Names network perspective.pdf.

Brughmans, Tom; Collar, Anna; and Coward, Fiona (eds.) (2016), The Connected Past. Challenges to Network Studies in Archaeology and History. Oxford.

Buning, Robin (2016), ‘Experimental Prosopographical Network Analysis and Visualization with “Early Modern Letters Online”’, Poster, Digital Humanities Conference Benelux 2016, 9-10 June 2016, Belval, Luxembourg.

Burkhardt, Mike (2009), Der hansische Bergenhandel im Spätmittelalter. Cologne.

Burkhardt, Mike (2014), ‘Networks as social structures in late medieval and early modern towns: a theoretical approach to historical network analysis’, pp. 13-44 in Commercial Networks and European Cities: 1400-1800, ed. Andrea Caracausi and Christof Jeggle.

Carpenter, Christine (1994), ‘Gentry and community in medieval England’, Journal of British Studies, 33:4, pp. 340-380.

ChartEx Project White Paper (2014), ‘ChartEx: Discovering Spatial and Temporal Descriptions and Relationships in Medieval Charters’. 12 Feb. 2014.

Chick, Joe, ‘Urban Oligarchy and Dissolutioned Voters: The End of Monastic Rule in Reading, 1350-1600‘, Cultural and Social History, 16 (2019),

Collar, Anna (2011), ‘Military Networks and the Cult of Jupiter Dolichenus’, 217-45 in Von Kummuḫ nach Telouch. Historische und archäologische Untersuchungen in Kommagene. Dolichener und Kommagenische Forschungen IV. Asia Minor Studien Band 64. Bonn.

Collar, Anna (2013), Religious Networks in the Roman Empire: The Spread of New Ideas. Cambridge.

Collar, Anna; Brughmans, Tom; Coward, Fiona; and Lemercier, Claire (2014), ‘Analyser les réseaux du passé en archéologie et en histoire’, Les Nouvelles de l’archéologie, 135, pp. 9-13.

Fernández-Alceves, Hervin (2016), ‘The Uncharted Networks of a “Chartered” Territory: Diplomatic Evidence and Relational Sociology for the Norman Kingdom of Sicily’, Entangled Worlds. Network analysis and complexity theory in historical and archaeological research conference, Österreichiste Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, 13-16 April 2016.

Garnier, Claudia (2000), Amicus amicis, inimicus inimicis. Politische Freundschaft und Fürstliche Netzwerke im 13. Jahrhundert. Stuttgart, Germany.

Graham, Shawn (2006), EX FIGLINIS: The Network Dynamics of the Tiber Valley Brick Industry in the Hinterland of Rome BAR International Series 1468. John Hedges Ltd. Available at

Graham, Shawn, and Ruffini, Giovanni (2007), ‘Network Analysis and Greco-Roman Prosopography’, pp. 325-336 in K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, (ed.) Prosopography Approaches and Applications. A Handbook. Occasional Publications of the Unit for Prosopographical Research, Linacre College, Oxford.

Gramsch, Robert (2013), Das Reich als Netzwerk der Fürsten. Politische Strukturen unter dem Doppelkönigtum Friedrichs II. und Heinrichs (VII.) 1225-1235. Ostfildern, Germany.

Gramsch, Robert, with Silvio R. Dahmen and A.L.C. Bazzan (forthcoming), ‘Community Detection in the Network of German Princes in 1225: a Case Study’. Pre-print available at

Gramsch, Robert (forthcoming), ‘Conflicts as a structure-forming force: the Reign of Henry (VII) (1225-1235) in network analytical perspective’, in Mitsiou, E.; Popovic, M.; and Preiser-Kapeller, J. (eds), Multiplying Middle Ages. New methods and approaches for the study of the multiplicity of the Middle Ages in a global perspective. Vienna.

Hammond, Matthew, with Cornell Jackson (2017), Social Network Analysis and the People of Medieval Scotland 1093-1286 (PoMS) Database. University of Glasgow Centre for Scottish and Celtic Studies.

Available at

Haseldine, Julian (2013), ‘Friendship Networks in Medieval Europe: New models of a political relationship’, Amity. The Journal of Friendship Studies, 1:1, pp. 69-88.

Herzberg, Anne (2015) ‘Prosopographia Memphitica: Individual Identities and Collective Biographies from a Royal Residence’, DH Egypt 15: ltertumswissenschaften in a Digital Age: Egyptology, Papyrology and Beyond conference. Leipzig, 4.-6. November 2015.

Available at

Jackson, Cornell (2017), ‘Using social network analysis to reveal unseen relationships in medieval Scotland’, Digital Scholarship in the Humanities, 32, pp. 336-343.

Jackson, Cornell, and Hammond, Matthew (2016), ‘Use of Social Network Analysis to Explore the People of Medieval Scotland’, Proceedings of the 2014 Digital Humanities Congress, Studies in the Digital Humanities.

Jarrett, Jonathan (2008), ” ‘Social networking gets medieval’, does it? A historian’s take on some recent research on computing in the humanities”,

Jullien, Eva (2013), ‘Netzwerkanalyse in der Mediävistik. Probleme und Perspektiven im Umgang mit mittelalterlichen Quellen’, in Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte, 100, p. 135-153.

Lemercier, Claire (2005), ‘Analyse de réseaux et histoire’, Revue d’histoire modern et contemporaine, 52.2 (2005), pp. 88-112.

Lemercier, Claire; and Zalc, C. (2008), Méthodes quantitatives pour l’historien. Paris: Collections Repères.

Mac Carron, P., and Kenna, Ralph, ‘Network analysis of the Íslendinga sögur – the Sagas of Icelanders’, European Physics Journal B, 86 (2013), article number 407

McLean, Paul D. (2007), The art of the network. Strategic interaction and patronage in Renaissance Florence. Durham, Great Britain.

McShane, Bronagh Ann (2018), ‘Visualising the reception and circulation of early modern nuns’ letters’, Journal of Historical Network Research, 2: 1-25

Mitschele, Anna (2013), ‘Identity and Social Structure in Early Modern Politics: How Opportunities induced Witch Trials in Scotland, 1563-1736’, unpublished Columbia University PhD.

Mitschele, Anna (2014). ‘Identity and Opportunity in Early Modern Politics: How Job Vacancies Induced Witch Persecutions in Scotland, 1563–1736’, pp. 151-178 in G. Manzo, ed. Analytical Sociology: Actions and Networks. John Wiley & Sons.

Mullett, Margaret (1997), Theophylact of Ochrid: Reading the Letters of a Byzantine Archbishop. Vol. 2. Birmingham Byzantine and Ottoman Monographs. Aldershot: Variorum.

Mullett, Margaret (2005), ‘Power, Relations and Networks in Medieval Europe. Introduction’, Revue Belge de Philologie et D’Histoire, 83:2, pp. 255-59.

Nabias, Laurent (2018), ‘Constellations de parenté dans la noblesse médiévale d’Île-de-France (1000-1440)’, ARCS – Analyse de réseaux pour les sciences sociales/ Network analysis for social sciences,

Ormerod, Paul, and Roach, Andrew (2004), ‘The Medieval inquisition: scale-free networks and the suppression of heresy’, Physica A, 339, pp. 645-52.

Ormerod, Paul, and Roach, Andrew (2008), ‘Emergent Scale-Free Social Networks in History: Burning and the Rise of English Protestantism’, Cultural Science, 1.

Padgett, John F. (2011), “Introduction to Marriage and Elite Structure in Renaissance Florence, 1282-1500.” Redes. Revista Hispana Para El Análisis de Redes Sociales 21 (1).

Padgett, John F. (2011), “Marriage and Elite Structure in Renaissance Florence, 1282-1500.” Redes. Revista Hispana Para El Análisis de Redes Sociales 21 (1).

Padgett, John F., and Christopher K. Ansell (1993), “Robust Action and the Rise of the Medici.” The American Journal of Sociology 98 (6): 1259–1319.

Padgett, John F., and Paul D. McLean (2006). “Organizational Invention and Elite Transformation. The Birth of Partnership Systems in Renaissance Florence.” American Journal of Sociology 111 (5): 1463–1568.

Polden, Anne (2006), ‘The social networks of Buckinghamshire gentry in the thirteenth century’, Journal of Medieval History, 32, pp. 371-94.

Preiser-Kapeller, J.; and Daim, F. (eds.) (2015), Harbours and Maritime Networks as Complex Adaptive Systems, Mainz: RGZM Tagungen.

Preiser-Kapeller, J. (2015a), ‘Liquid Frontiers. A relational analysis of maritime Asia Minor as religious contact zone in the 13th-15th century’, pp. 117-146 in A. Peacock; B. De Nicola; and S. Nur Yıldız (eds.) Islam and Christianity in Medieval Anatolia. Aldershot.

Preiser-Kapeller, J. (2015b), ‘A Collapse of the Eastern Mediterranean? New results and theories on the interplay between climate and societies in Byzantium and the Near East, ca. 1000–1200 AD.’, Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinistik 65, pp. 195-242.

Preiser-Kapeller, J. (forthcoming), The Connected Empire. A Global History of Byzantium´s long 14th century (1282-1402). Palgrave MacMillan.

Preiser-Kapeller, J. (forthcoming), ‘Peaches to Samarkand. Long distance-connectivity, small worlds and socio-cultural dynamics across Afro-Eurasia, 300-800 CE’ (pre-print online:

Preiser-Kapeller, J. (forthcoming), ‘Aristocrats, mercenaries, clergymen and refugees: deliberate and forced mobility of Armenians in the early medieval Mediterranean and Near East (6th to 11th century)’, in J. Preiser-Kapeller; L. Reinfandt; Y. Stouraitis (eds.), Migration History of the Medieval Afroeurasian Transition Zone, Studies in Global Migration History. (pre-print online:

Preiser-Kapeller, J. (forthcoming), ‘Central Peripheries. Empires and Elites across Byzantine and Arab Frontiers in Comparison (700–900 CE)’, in Drews, Wolfram (ed.), Die Interaktion von Herrschern und Eliten in imperialen Ordnungen.

Raynaud, Dominique (2014), Optics and the Rise of Perspective: A Study in Network Knowledge Diffusion

Reyerson, Kathryn (2016), Women’s Networks in Medieval France: Gender and Community in Montpellier 1300-1350.

Rosé, Isabelle (2019) ‘Autour de la reine Emma (vers 890-934). Réseaux, itinéraire biographique féminin et questions documentaires au début du Moyen Âge central’, Annales HSS (forthcoming)

Rosé, Isabelle (2015), ‘D’un réseau à l’autre ? Itinéraire de la reine Emma († 934) à travers les actes diplomatiques de son entourage familial’, in Faire lien. Aristocratie, réseaux et échanges compétitifs. Mélanges en l’honneur de Régine Le Jan, ed. Laurent Jégou, Sylvie Joye, Thomas Lienhard, and Jens Schneider, Paris, p. 131-143

Rosé, Isabelle. ‘L’Histoire du genre à l’épreuve du quantitatif ? Itinéraire réticulaire de la reine robertienne Emma (vers 890-934)’, J. Verger (Dir.), La forme des réseaux : France et Europe (Xe-XXe siècle). Actes du Congrès du CTHS, Paris, 2017, p. 103-115,

Rosé, Isabelle (2016), ‘À quelles sources se vouer ? Problèmes documentaires posés par la reconstitution et l’analyse des réseaux de la reine robertienne Emma († 934)’, Retour aux sources. Quatrième rencontre scientifique du groupe Réseaux et Histoire, en ligne (

Rosé, Isabelle (2011), ‘Reconstitution, representation graphique et analyse des réseaux de pouvoir au haut Moyen Âge. Approche des pratiques sociales de l’aristocratie à partir de l’exemple d’Odon de Cluny (†942)’, Redes. Revista hispana para el análisis de redes sociales, 21.5, pp. 199-272.

Rossi, Fabrice, Nathalie Villa-Vialaneix, and Fabrice Hautefeuille (2013), ‘Exploration of a Large Database of French Notarial Acts with Social Network Methods’, Digital Medievalist 9.

Ruffini-Ronzani, Nicolas (2016), ‘L’analyse de réseaux, un outil pour relire l’émergence des principautés territoriales ? Premières réflexions sur le cas hennuyer (mil. XIe-début XIIe siècle)’, Retour aux sources. Quatrième rencontre scientifique du groupe Réseaux et Histoire, en ligne (

Smith, R[ichard] M. (1979), ‘Kin and Neighbors in a Thirteenth-Century Suffolk Community’, Journal of Family History, 4, pp. 219-56

“(SNA)P | Standards for Networking Ancient Prosopographies.” 2014. Accessed November 26.

Steinova, Evina (forthcoming), ‘The early reception history of the first book of the Etymologies as a mirror of Carolingian intellectual networks: a proposal’, Networks of Knowledge conference proceedings.

Stone, Rachel (2012a), ‘Medieval social networks, 1:  concepts, intellectual networks and tools’,

Stone, Rachel (2012b), ‘Medieval social networks, 2: charters and connections’,

Stone, Rachel (2013), ‘Caught in Charlemagne’s Net: Carolingian Charters and Social Network Analysis’, unpublished paper, International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, 2 July 2013.

Vanheule, Koen, ‘Competing networks as instigators of institutional change: toward a new understanding of monastic reforms (Lotharingia, eleventh century)’

Van Vugt, Ingeborg, ‘Using multi-layered networks to disclose books in the Republic of Letters’ (2017), Journal of Historical Network Research, 1, pp. 25-51

Verbruggen, Christophe (2007), ‘Literary Strategy During Flanders’ Golden Decades (1880-1914): Combining Social Network Analysis and Prosopography’, pp. 579-601 in KSB Keats-Rohan (ed.), Prosopography Approaches and Applications: A Handbook. Oxford Unit for Prosopographical Research.

Waerzeggers, Caroline (2014), ‘Social Network Analysis of Cuneiform Archives’, pp 207-233 in Documentary Sources in Ancient Near Eastern and Greco-Roman Economic History, ed. Heather D. Baker and Michael Jursa. Oxford.

Wellman, Barry, and Wetherell, Charles (1996), ‘Social Network Analysis of Historical Communities: Some Questions from the Present for the Past’, History of the Family, 1, pp. 97-121.

Wetherell, Charles (1998), ‘Historical Social Network Analysis’, International Review of Social History, 43, Supplement, pp. 125-144.

Wrighton, Keith, and David Levine (1979), Poverty and Piety in an English village: Terling, 1525-1700. New York.

Yose, Joseph; Kenna, Ralph; Mac Carron, Máirín; and Mac Carron, Pádraig; ‘Network analysis of the Viking Age in Ireland as portrayed in Cogadh Gaedhel re Gallaibh’, Royal Society Open Science, 5 (2018), doi/full/10.1098/rsos.171024

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